Terraristica always been marked by an air of mystery, some would say even mysticism. For such it is the fascination, curiosity aroused even reptiles terror among humans. But having a home terrarium is nothing terrifying as we have planned every detail in advance and be prepared for the unexpected. If we started in without preparation terrariofilia our small window to nature will soon be damaged, it will smell bad, and wither along with our initial enthusiasm, but could eclipse and die. Never buy animals on impulse without knowing anything about them and without a terrarium and material prepared specifically for them before. Each species of reptile or amphibian has basic and different from other needs. So before you buy must be studied. Denada before we have to travel and have covered some previous steps:
- You must read and learned about various (better: MANY) species of reptiles until we found one that we like and we can meet their basic needs. No sense to buy a baby monitor lizard or a green iguana that measure more than 1 meter in a year if we can not have a proper terrarium to house size so splendid animal. You should also know that the vast majority of reptiles and all amphibians are insectivores and / or carnivores so if the idea of having in fetters home, fruit flies or mice you do not like there are few options (Many tortoises, some iguanids and little more) .The basic that we know of an animal to keep it successfully in the terrarium is:
- The type of food that requires
- The type of habitat (desert, forest, jungle, etc.)
- The approximate adult rigging that have the reptile in question
- If you have any peculiarity in their maintenance (eg. Only eat snakes or other reptiles snakes, lizards only eat a certain type of ant, or reptiles that need temperatures above or below what you would get in your home .) at this point no one will get big adaptive changes in a terrarium, nor need it. In addition, always keep in mind that one of the principles is to provide terrariofilia animals living conditions that are as close as possible to those they have in their natural habitat. If a reptile need something very determined to survive and you can not help it, just forget it and continue reading about reptiles.
- Well, now after knowing this, the number of reptile species you can have in a terrarium is reduced (much provably), leading us to reduce it maybe a little longer. If you are new there are certain reptiles that you should avoid, or at least until you have enough experience, such as:
- Poisonous species
- Species of very large (for example green iguanas, crocodilians, lizards over 1m and large boids)
- All species caught. This is a controversial point, it is logical that no species would never have captured species born in captivity, and thus defend those who buy reptiles captured. This is true, but everything is debatable, and terrariofilia current situation is not the same as 20 years ago. That does not even 10. But what is illogical is that a terrariofilio without experencia a captured reptile buy just because the price is cheaper without the order of play and not be willing to cover the expenditure of time and money than any Animal these features means (much higher than the time and money you will spend with the animal NCC, born and raised in cautividad-)
In addition, novice or expert, you should never fall into certain dark spots terrariofilia:
- Do not buy illegal species. The wildlife trade is currently heavily regulated, and there are certain protected species that can not be traded under any circumstances and certain other species covered by agreements regulating the purchase and sale and need additional documentation that you have to deliver when shopping. You must also know that species normally breed in captivity and do not require any additional paperwork must also be accompanied by a corresponding invoice and certificate of transfer signed by the seller. And in some places, the law limits ownership of reptiles of a certain weight or characteristics. Your homework on the legislation in your country and in your city, rather than buy a reptile that any day you could requisition with the resulting penalty. Ignorance does not absolve of guilt, and in these cases either.
- Do not buy an animal at a store that has been giving us grief for their shabby. Never try to do this, however cruel it may seem. Buyer animals in poor condition in a shop that only you foster Store reptiles continue to bring in a sorry state. If you do not shop, animal forces to bring better care and better maintained. Provably lizard that you left behind will die in the store, but it probably had also died in your hands or in any other. Buy reptiles that are in a pitiful state of maintenance immoral only benefits the shopkeeper who sells and exhibits such animals.
- At this point, our list of reptiles and amphibians can successfully keep a terrarium may be relatively short. Enough to investigate in depth on these few species “chosen”. Specifically, there are three parameters that you have to know in depth and apply the configuration and preparing your terrarium:
- Temperature. Each species of reptile has its specific needs. Although useful to know, in general, that most heat like reptiles and amphibians do not. The terrarium of a reptile needs a thermal gradient, which means that in a corner of the terrarium should be made cooler than the other and gradually increase the temperature to the hot zone. And in the hottest area is usually put an extra (spot type bulb, a bulb ceramics, etc.) Device that creates a hot spot or under which the reptiles are heated to become active and often for the basking area digestion.
- Lighting. Hours of light and darkness, if the need reptile UVB / UVA and in the case if that intensity
- Water and humidity. You need to recreate average humidity in the terrarium will tell us if it will be enough with a simple dish of fresh water, a spray from time to time, or in other cases it will be necessary to install a rain.
How can we know which is recreating these parameters for future species of reptile or amphibian acquire? Continuing research and learning. For the most common species it is easy to find the information you need in books or online, or ask reptiles forums where it is often easy to find people who have dealt with many species of reptiles and can advise. But it may be that we find little or no information on the species we seek. In this case, we will trabajarnoslo everything ourselves. What you need to do is find the area of origin and the habitat of the species in question. There are many free online herramientasa, you just have to look for them in google. We will put some where you can see the temperature, rainfall, etc. annually or monthly and you can choose the regions you want to know the weather:
The texts of this book have been revised and expanded by Kike Frutas de Tuatera.com